Although the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) below Commander-in-Chief Xi Jinping desires to develop the territorial map on the premise of Green Line outlined by a 1959 map circulated by Prime Minister Chou En-Lai below chief Mao Zedong, the Chinese place on resolving the border situation with India has modified over the many years as per comfort of the ruler of Beijing.
After Mao Zedong modified the details on floor by constructing the Lhasa-Kashgar freeway (quantity 219) by way of Aksai Chin in 1956, Prime Minister Chou En-Lai in 1960 supplied his Indian counterpart Jawaharlal Nehru to resolve the border on “as it is where it is principle.” This meant that China was recognizing Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh or North-East Frontier Agency because it was identified then, whereas India would recognise Beijing’s declare to Aksai Chin south of Haji Langar go. This was by no means accepted by India and was one of the crucial necessary causes behind the Chinese aggression in 1962. Today, China is in hostile possession of greater than 38,180 sq km of Indian land together with 5180 sq km of Shaksgam valley gifted by Pakistan in 1963.
On February 14, 1979, then Vice Premier and later paramount chief Deng Xiaoping met Foreign Minister (later Prime Minister) Atal Behari Vajpayee and supplied a package deal deal for resolve the boundary situation. Deng mentioned that Chinese have been prepared to make concessions on the japanese sector to India, whereas New Delhi ought to make comparable concessions within the western sector. While the concessions weren’t specified, Deng mentioned that the decision of the border could possibly be shelved to the subsequent era so long as each side preserve a steady scenario on the border. Deng reiterated this proposal in 1985 additionally.
The Chinese place once more took a radical flip after the 1986 Somdorong Chu incident in north Arunachal Pradesh. In 1987, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Liu Shuqing advised his Indian counterpart Secretary (East) A P Venkateswaran in New Delhi that China was on the lookout for concessions each on japanese and western sectors with a view to clear up the boundary situation. Deng was the chief of China and Chairman of the all highly effective Central Military Commission.
Since then a plethora of agreements and protocols have been signed to take care of peace and tranquility on the 3488 km Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China. After the Special Representative dialogue was arrange between India and China to resolve the boundary situation in 2005, 22 conferences have taken place between India’s National Security Advisor and Chinese State Councillor however the boundary situation has hardly moved in the direction of decision. China nonetheless known as Arunachal Pradesh South Tibet and India boundary in Ladakh claims all of Aksai Chin.
While there may be hope that the current stand-off between PLA and Indian Army might end in no less than exchanging of maps in western sector so that every aspect is aware of the opposite’s positions and claims, the Chinese belligerence and deliberate provocation from Depsang to Pangong Tso this 12 months doesn’t augur nicely for peace.