Only about 25% of these contaminated present signs, which embrace excessive fever, extreme complications, muscle and joint pains. Extreme instances can deliver bleeding, respiratory difficulties, organ failure, and probably dying.
In Singapore, 16 folks have died of dengue this 12 months — twice the dying toll of 2013.
But this 12 months, it has been notably dangerous.
Last week alone, 1,468 instances had been reported, the third consecutive week case numbers have exceeded 1,000 — and the very best variety of weekly dengue instances ever recorded in Singapore.
In response to the hovering instances, the Singaporean authorities has stepped up checks to take away potential mosquito breeding habitats at public areas and housing estates.
Over the previous three weekends, about 6,900 premises have undergone inspection and vector management, in accordance to the NEA.
Why is it so dangerous this 12 months?
In Singapore, specialists imagine a key motive for the surge in dengue instances this 12 months is the return of an outdated pressure of the dengue virus that has not been round for almost three a long time.
There are 4 strains, or serotypes, of the dengue virus. In Singapore, DENV-2 has been the dominant pressure since 2016. But ranging from final 12 months, the much less widespread DENV-Three has been on the rise, in accordance to Luo Dahai, affiliate professor of Infection and Immunity at Nanyang Technological University.
“Considering the local outbreaks are usually caused by DENV1 and 2 in the past, the immunity built among the community residents against these DENVs may not be protective against the emerging DENV-3,” Luo mentioned.
According to the NEA, DENV-Three instances accounted for 48% of the dengue instances in February, virtually double that of DENV-2 instances.
“The rise in proportion of DENV-3 cases is of concern, as we have not had dengue outbreaks driven by DENV-3 in Singapore for almost three decades,” the NEA mentioned.
“This means that our population has lower immunity to DENV-3, and consequently a large proportion of our population is susceptible to DENV-3 infection.” it mentioned.
Have lockdown measures made it worse?
Another potential issue that worsened the dengue outbreak this 12 months, Luo mentioned, may very well be the lockdown measures imposed for coronavirus.
In April, a second wave of infections broke out in Singapore amongst migrant staff dwelling in packed dormitories, sending day by day new infections from under 100 to above 1000 at its peak.
To include its unfold, the federal government issued a stay-at-home order and closed down non-essential workplaces and faculties. These restrictive measures, generally known as the “circuit breaker,” lasted from April 7 to June 1.
“When more people stay at home all the days, there could be more residential mosquito breeding and more opportunities for ‘blood meals’,” Luo mentioned.
According to the WHO, the feminine mosquito is a daytime feeder. The peak biting durations are early in the morning and in the night earlier than nightfall.
The NEA mentioned it had noticed a five-fold enhance in the incidents of mosquito larvae detected in properties and customary corridors in residential areas throughout the two-month circuit breaker interval, in contrast to the 2 months prior. “The highest percentage of mosquito breeding found in homes in the top five dengue cluster areas was 84%,” it mentioned.
CNN’s Helen Regan contributed to reporting.