Timeline of events in Britain’s exit from the European UnionDecember 24, 2020
Updated: December 24, 2020 10:11:03 pm
A timeline of key events associated to Britain’s resolution to depart the European Union:
January 23, 2013: British Prime Minister David Cameron guarantees a referendum on Britain’s membership in the EU if the Conservative Party wins the subsequent normal election. He does so to attempt to garner help amongst euroskeptics inside his personal occasion.
May. 7, 2015: British voters elect a majority Conservative authorities. Cameron confirms in his victory speech that there shall be an in/out referendum on European Union membership.
February 20, 2016: Cameron pronounces that he has negotiated a take care of EU leaders that offers Britain particular standing. He confirms that he’ll marketing campaign for Britain to stay in the 28-nation bloc. The referendum date is ready for June.
February 21: Cameron is struck with a extreme blow when one of his closest Conservative allies, the media-savvy Boris Johnson, joins the go away marketing campaign.
June 16: One week earlier than the referendum, Labour Party lawmaker and stay campaigner Jo Cox is killed by extremist Thomas Mair, who shouted ‘Britain First’ earlier than taking pictures and stabbing her.
June 23: Britain votes 52 per cent to 48 per cent to depart the European Union.
June 24: Cameron says he’ll resign in mild of the outcomes as a result of Britain wants recent management to take the nation in a brand new course.
July 13: Following a Conservative Party management contest, Home Secretary Theresa May turns into prime minister.
March 29, 2017: The British authorities formally triggers Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty, setting in movement a two-year course of for Britain to depart the bloc on March 29, 2019.
June 8: A normal election known as by May to bolster her occasion’s illustration in Parliament to assist with the Brexit negotiations backfires. Her Conservative Party loses its majority and continues in a weakened state as a minority authorities.
July 7, 2018: May and her Cabinet endorse the so-called Chequers Plan labored out at a fractious session at the prime minister’s nation retreat. The plan results in the resignations of Brexit Secretary David Davis, Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson and others who favor a extra definitive break with EU.
Nov. 25: EU leaders approve a withdrawal deal reached with Britain after months of troublesome negotiations. May urges the British Parliament to again the settlement.
Dec. 12: Conservative lawmakers who again a clear break from the EU set off a no-confidence vote in May over her dealing with of Brexit. She wins by 200 votes to 117, making her secure from one other such problem for a yr.
Jan. 15, 2019: The Brexit deal comes again to Parliament, the place it’s overwhelmingly defeated on a 432-202 vote. The House of Commons will find yourself rejecting May’s settlement thrice.
March 21: EU agrees to prolonged the Brexit deadline, simply over per week earlier than Britain’s scheduled departure on March 29
April 11: Britain and the EU agree for a second time to increase the withdrawal deadline to maintain Brexit from occurring and not using a deal in place. The new deadline is Oct. 31.
June 7: May steps down as Conservative Party chief over the stalled Brexit settlement.
July 23: Boris Johnson elected new Conservative Party chief July 24: Johnson takes workplace as prime minister, insisting the U.Okay. with go away the EU on Oct. 31, with or and not using a deal.
Aug. 28: Johnson says he’ll quickly shut down Parliament till mid-October, giving opponents much less time to thwart a no-deal Brexit.
Sept. 3: Rebel Conservative Party lawmakers vote in opposition to the authorities in protest of Johnson’s technique. They are expelled from the occasion.
Sept. 5: Johnson asserts he would somewhat be useless in a ditch than ask for one more Brexit extension.
Sept. 9: A parliamentary measure that stops the U.Okay. from leaving the EU and not using a deal turns into legislation.
Sept. 24: U.Okay. Supreme Court guidelines authorities’s suspension of Parliament was illegal.
Oct. 10: Johnson and Irish chief Leo Varadkar meet and announce pathway to a potential deal.? Oct. 17: U.Okay. and EU announce they’ve struck a deal after the .Okay. makes concessions over Northern Ireland.
Oct. 19: Parliament sits on a Saturday and calls for to see laws earlier than approving the deal.
Oct. 22: Johnson places Brexit laws on pause .
Oct. 28: Johnson asks the EU to delay Brexit once more. The new deadline is Jan. 31.
Oct. 29: Parliament votes for a nationwide election at the request of Johnson’, who hopes it’s going to break the Brexit stalemate.
Dec. 12: Johnson wins a big majority in the normal election, giving him the energy to push by way of Brexit laws.
Jan. 23, 2020: EU Withdrawal Bill turns into legislation.
Jan. 29: European Parliament approves the Brexit divorce deal.
Jan. 31: U.Okay. formally leaves the EU at 11 p.m., coming into an 11-month transition interval put in place for the two sides to barter a deal on their future relations.
Dec. 7: After months of U.Okay.-EU negotiations, Johnson and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen say vital variations nonetheless stand in the manner of a free commerce deal.
Dec. 9: Johnson and von der Leyen maintain a dinner assembly in Brussels to see whether or not the variations could be bridged. They don’t make a breakthrough however announce negotiations will proceed for 4 extra days, setting a Dec. 13 deadline for a closing deal or no-deal resolution.
Dec, 13: Von der Leyen and Johnson say negotiations will proceed, vowing to go the further mile to get a deal.
Dec, 24: The U.Okay. and EU announce they’ve struck a provisional settlement, simply over per week earlier than the year-end deadline.
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