Do you know how many countries are there in Europe?
To start with, let us discuss the answer to all the above-asked questions one by one. One of the best tourist destination is Europe. Once you get there, you can stay up to three months and explore all the countries in Europe without any visa issues. Moreover, The best thing about Europe is that it is the second smallest continent and one can travel from one county to another in Europe by train or flight. Did you know? The size of Europe is not more than the state of Texas(3 times). Hence, you can visit each country or wander in every street in Europe within a few months.
Why Visit Europe? How many countries in Europe?
Initially, In This article will discuss how many countries are there in Europe and the reason to visit them. According to the United Nations, 44 countries in Europe divided into different regions(15 countries in southern Europe, ten countries in Northern Europe, 10 in eastern Europe and 9 in western Europe). Furthermore, below is the list of countries in Europe with estimated population and area.
Country Population(estid) Area(in sq. km)
- Russia 144,373,540 17,098,242
- Turkey 83,429,620 783,562
- Germany 83,132,800 357,022
- France 67,059,890 643,801
- United Kingdom 66,834,400 243,610
- Italy 60,297,400 301,340
- Spain 47,076,780 505,370
- Ukraine 44,385,150 603,550
- Poland 37,970,870 312,685
- Romania 19,356,540 238,391
- Kazakhstan 18,513,930 2,724,900
- Netherlands 17,332,850 41,543
- Belgium 11,484,060 30,528
- Greece 10,716,320 131,957
- Czech republic 10,669,710 78,867
- Sweden 10,285,450 450,295
- Portugal 10,269,420 92,090
- Azerbaijan 10,023,320 86,600
- Hungary 9,769,950 93,028
- Belarus 9,466,860 207,600
- Austria 8,877,070 83,871
- Switzerland 8,574,830 41,277
- Bulgaria 6,975,760 110,879
- Serbia 6,944,980 77,474
- Denmark 5,818,550 43,094
- Finland 5,520,310 338,145
- Slovakia 5,454,070 49,035
- Norway 5,347,900 323,802
- Ireland 4,941,440 70,273
- Croatia 4,067,500 56,594
- Georgia 3,720,380 69,700
- Bosnia and 3,301.000 51,197
- Armenia 2,957,730 29,743
- Albania 2,854,190 28,748
- Lithuania 2,786,840 65,300
- Moldova 2,657,640 33,851
- Slovenia 2,087,950 20,273
- North Macedonia 2,083,460 25,713
- Latvia 1,912,790 64,589
- Estonia 1,326,590 45,228
- Cyprus 1,198,580 9,251
- Montenegro 622,140 13,812
- Luxembourg 619,900 2,856
- Malta 502,650 316
- Iceland 361,310 103,000
- Andorra 77,140 468
- Monaco 38,960 2
- Liechtenstein 38,020 160
- San Marino 33,860 61
- Vatican City 825 0.44
I hope, by now, you all have learnt about the population and area of the European countries by heart. Just kidding! I know it is not possible to understand them. Further, let us discuss them according to their regions. As we all got to know, Europe is divided into eastern, western, northern and southern countries. Lets us discuss them one by one:-
West European Region:-
- West Europe consists of a total of 9 countries namely Austria, Germany, France, Belgium, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Switzerland.Western Europe comprises a population of over 268 million
- Further, Germany has the largest population among all West European countries with more than 83 million population. On the other hand, Liechtenstein has a tiny population with not more than 38,000 people living within its perimeter.
- Also, the headquarters of the European Commission is located in Brussels, Belgium. Moreover, the European Union founders (political and economic union consisting of 27 members) are western European countries(Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg).
East European Region:-
- The East European region is made up of 10 countries namely Czechia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation are the parts of the East European region.
- Also, it has a total population of about 293 million.
- Moreover, Russia is a transcontinental country, and the whole eastern part of the Ural Mountains is a part of Asia, not Europe. Also, Russia is the most populous country in all of Europe, with approx 144 million people.
- However, the Republic of Moldova is the poorest country in Europe, with just 2.7 million population.
- Did you know about the Warsaw pact? Warsaw pact was a military alliance, it was formed during the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union. The main aim of this pact was to oppose NATO and was included in Eastern Europe.
North European Countries:-
- Consists of not more than ten countries namely the United Kingdom, Norway, Latvia, Iceland, Estonia, Denmark, Ireland, Finland, Lithuania and Sweden.
- Moreover, the population of northern Europe is 34 million approximately and is the least populated region among all the areas.
- Also, Finland is the most populated in northern Europe, with a population of 5.5 million. Also, Iceland is the least populous country with around 360,000 residents only.
South European region:-
- It is the largest region in terms of the number of countries. Thus, the Southern part of Europe comprises 15 countries with a 153 million population.
- Countries of southern Europe are namely Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Andorra, Greece, Italy, Croatia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, Serbia, North Macedonia, Malta, San Marino, Slovenia and Serbia.
- Italy has the largest population(with 153 million residents) among all the south European countries.
- On the other hand, Vatican city consists of significantly less population, not only in the southern region but also in the whole of Europe, with not more than a thousand people living within the borderline.
- Moreover, during the 1990s, Southern Europe was also part of many armed conflicts due to former Yugoslavia’s partition.
What are Transcontinental Countries?
- To begin with, Europe consists of 44 countries and six transcontinental countries(a total of 50 countries). Now, the question arises:-
“What are transcontinental countries?”
- Transcontinental countries are those countries that share borders with two countries simultaneously. Thus, countries for instance Russia, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Armenia and Georgia are transcontinental countries and share their borders with Asia and Europe at the same time.
- All the transcontinental countries except Russia share their top border with Asia and have their maximum number of people residing in the Asian continent. Therefore, except Russia, all the other transcontinental countries are not included under 44 countries of Europe.
- However, The most populous part of Russia is the west Ural mountain which is part of the European territory. If Turkey were part of Southern Europe, it would be the most populated country across the whole region, with more than 83 million people. It would be considered as the second most populated country in Europe.
- Also, Europe holds the most popular part of the turkey, Istanbul. Istanbul is one of the most famous tourist destinations with a population of over 15 million.
Why Visit Europe?
Check out the list of various and countless reasons of visiting Europe:-
Countless Travel opportunities:- If you are a lone-wolf and travel a lot, then you must have heard the fact that the size of Europe is like the drop of the Ocean. You can visit many countries or can cover the top and popular part of Europe within a month. However, It takes months or even years to visit other countries like India, Africa etc., because of their size.
Short time distance:- Are you aware that the countries in Europe are just 2-hour flights away? Yes! I was amazed too. That means it will not be wrong to say that countries in Europe are literally behind your door. You can plan your trip for a month or two and will be able to view all the famous places in Europe.
Inter-Rail connections:- You will be amazed to know that the countries in Europe are connected with interrail networks. That means countries in Europe related to each other by railways. One can cover the longest distance among the nations by superfast trains.
Diversity:-Like India, Europe also has diverse culture, language, caste, religion etc. Also, Europe consists of many countries, each country has its language and culture, making it an ideal place to visit and a perfect tourist destination.
Revolution and Industrialization:- Indeed, Europe has a rich culture and heritage too. As we all know, many famous revolutions did take place in Europe. Are you aware that the industrial revolution took place in Europe from 1760 to sometime between 1820-1840. Europe still possesses its old towns and roads, which are an example of these revolutions. Moreover, the other revolution in Europe is the French revolution(1789-99) and its aftermath, the European revolution of 1848 etc.
Historical Monuments:- Whenever you plan to visit Europe, its historical monuments must-see as they will enchant your eyes. Here is the list of some famous Historical monuments in Europe which are rich in their culture and heritage:-
Rome Colosseum, Italy
Firstly, it brings out the city to life and is made of stones and concrete entirely. Moreover, It was built around 70-80 AD and could hold around 70-80,000 people. Also, It is in the list of seven wonders of the world for several years.
Moreover, The palace of Westminster, London, UK is the best example of the Neo-Classic era and is a must-visit tourist place. It was built in 1834 and is an old Gothic Victorian building. Also, it is home to the British royal family and is an official Parliament building. However, it is open to tourists visits as well.
Also, Other examples of historical moments in Europe are the Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, a symbol of love and strength. Furthermore, Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain etc.
To conclude, I hope this article will help you a great deal. Take care and good luck!